The world today is so interconnected with the internet- from cell phones to laptops to home appliances. Yes, this smart technology brings convenience, but it also comes with the risk of hacking. That includes home security systems that are designed to provide safety and peace of mind. How smart is it?
Smart home security systems have been around for quite some time now, but they are not without flaws. For example, security experts warn that hackers can infiltrate the system via unprotected Wi-Fi or Bluetooth connections. Worse yet, a few proprietary system doesn't have an built-in way to update themselves, making them vulnerable to software exploits.
You can dramatically increase the security of your property and keep your family protected with a Linux-based surveillance system, even with an old webcam. By setting up the surveillance at various blind spots around your home that you can’t see from your windows, you can keep an eye on your property without having to leave your home. Besides that, you can even watch your home from your smartphone even when you're outside shopping or buying groceries.
ZoneMinder is a powerful open source software that enables you to monitor your home or office via CCTV. It has a user-friendly web interface and supports both standard and IP-based cameras. In fact, it supports a wide range of video, IP, wireless, and USB cameras in the market, even old models that ended production long ago.
ZoneMinder is ideal for those who want to keep an eye on their property or loved ones. Most new and popular cameras are supported by ZoneMinder right out of the box, and the plug-in system allows you to add support for new camera types. You can monitor cameras remotely through a web browser, on phones and tablets using the app, or even create email alerts to get notified when something important happens in realtime.
ZoneMinder features include:
- Supports video, USB and network cameras. In addition, the software also supports Pan/Tilt/Zoom cameras, and can be easily extended to add new control protocols.
- Built on standard tools such as C++, Perl and PHP, and also uses a MySQL database.
- Independent, with video capture and analysis daemons that allow for high failure redundancy.
- Users can also define multiple zones (or regions of interest) per camera, each with its own sensitivity setting, or simply ignore any zones they don't need.
- Intuitive web interface lets you take full control of your system or cameras, as well as view live footage and event replays.
- Supports live video in MPEG video, multi-part JPEG, and stills formats, as well as event replay in MPEG video, multi-part JPEG, aetc.
- You can also use our user-defined filters to select any number of events based on any combination of event characteristics.
- Event notifications by email or SMS, with attached images or video of the specific event, based on your filter settings.
- The security system not only records video footage, but also archives it externally to FTP storage for greater data security.
- Integrates bi-directionally with X10 (home automation protocol) to allow X10 signals to control when video is captured and for motion detection to trigger X10 devices.
- Allow for other hardware interfacing protocols to be added for support of alarm panels, etc.
- Allows for multiple users and user access levels.
- Multi-language support, many languages already built-in.
- Full control script support allowing most tasks to be automated or added to other applications.
- Enable third-party applications and equipment to externally trigger your device.
- Enjoy easy access to your favorite websites and functions while on the go with XHTML mobile/cellular phone access.
Motion is a video capture program for Linux that uses motion detection to keep an eye on things. It is written in C to ensure speed and reliability, and can be configured to monitor motion and changes in videos, making it perfect for keeping an eye on pets or birds. However, it is a command line program with no graphical interface, so it may not be suitable for everyone.
Motion notable features
- Motion is a Video4Linux compatible software which enables great compatibility with a wide range of devices, from webcams and video capture cards to network cameras and PI cameras.
- The software is easy to use and configure, and can be used to store feeds in a PostgreSQL or MySQL database.
- The minimalist web browser can be further configured to give you access to feeds from anywhere in the world.
- The software includes automatic noise and threshold control, ensuring high quality images no matter what the conditions.
- Capture snapshots or live video footage in JPEG, PPM or MPEG formats.
- Take snapshots or record video at timed intervals or upon predefined events.
- Watch multiple inputs and outputs simultaneously.
- Automate with scripts for customized and extended functionality.
- Apply masks for motion detection to personalize your experience.
Kerberos is a powerful video surveillance system that uses advanced computer vision algorithms to detect motion changes. Based on these changes, it can trigger actions accordingly. It is available in two versions: the Open Source edition and the Enterprise edition.
Kerberos.io is designed with a responsive web interface that looks great on smartphones and tablets. You can check out the online demo at this address: https://demo.kerberos.io/.
The web interface will of course allow you to see the images in real time, but will also present you with a set of statistics concerning the events detected. You will thus be able to keep track of an activity detected by the camera.It is also possible to trigger a certain number of operations when a movement is detected such as saving images, acting on the GPIO port, sending requests, etc. Finally, you can view several cameras on a web interface thanks to the functionality “cloud”.
Kerberos.io works with most of the cameras and can be accessed remotely from mobile devices via cloud. It's very easy to install and can also use web analytics.
- Manage it from anywhere, whether it's a phone or laptop.
- Deployable on any IoT device or Docker container.
- Receive real-time notifications from Kerberos cloud.
- Runs on any platform, including Linux, Windows, OS X, and Raspberry Pi.
Shinobi is "the next generation in open-source video management software", designed as an alternative to ZoneMinder. Growing from a pet project to a full-fledged solution, Shinobi now supports over 6000 IP and USB cameras.
Shinobi is available in two editions:
- Shinobi Community Edition (Shinobi CE) is a free, community-supported version, licensed under GPLv3. This allows you to use it for commercial purposes without prior permission. You must ensure that the Shinobi logo is always displayed and that any copyright notices are always present and never removed.
- Shinobi Pro, licensed under Shinobi Open Source EULA, includes professional support and regular updates. Shinobi Pro is by nature the same in code. The main differences are more frequent updates, school license and prioritized private community chat.
Shinobi, a newcomer to the market, already has mobile apps in public beta. Shinobi comes with a comprehensive list of features to consider:
- Hardware-accelerated video recording ensures smooth and fluid footage without overheat your machine.
- The Websocket streaming feature lets you keep an eye on things in real-time.
- Our master-slave based cluster mode allows you to manage multiple cameras simultaneously.
- The AI-powered motion detection and pattern analysis using TensorFlow offers enhanced security.
- The wide range of video/audio formats supported gives you great flexibility.
- Remote storage management via Amazon S3, WebDAV, or Backblaze B2 makes it easy to keep your footage safe.
- Deep camera controls management (PTZ, IR).
- Ability to switch between "normal" transmission mode and JPEG mode, less bandwidth intensive and with lower latency (very useful for moving PTZ or cutting audio streams).
- Automatic alerts, currently supports Discord, emails.
We hope that the information above help you find the suitable Linux Home Security software to install.
You may be interested in our Linux software roundups, including 8 Best Open Source CMDB software, Best Linux Video Converters or Best Python Graphics Libraries. If you have any suggestion, please feel free to leave a comment below.