Python is a popular general purpose programming language that can be used to serve many different use cases. Created by Guido van Rossum with the name inspired from British comedy show Monty Python, it was set out to be straightforward and easy-to-use, emphasized in code readability. Python 3 is the latest version of the language and is considered to be the future of Python.
The set up of Python 3 on your Linux machine should be straightforward without any error, but sometimes you will encounter
locale.Error: unsupported locale setting – one of the most common problem of Python. This tutorial will show you how to fix it explicitly on Ubuntu 18.04, but the process remains the same for other distro.
In which cases
The root cause is: your environment variable
LC_ALL is missing or invalid somehow
➜ ~ pip install virtualenv Traceback (most recent call last): File "/usr/bin/pip", line 11, in <module> sys.exit(main()) File "/usr/lib/python3.4/site-packages/pip/__init__.py", line 215, in main locale.setlocale(locale.LC_ALL, '') File "/usr/lib64/python3.4/locale.py", line 592, in setlocale return _setlocale(category, locale) locale.Error: unsupported locale setting
locale.Error could be triggered when you :
- Using pip to install a package that make use of locale package on a newly installed machine
- Using virtualenv to make a new virtual environment
- You’ve been fiddling with the environment variables then try to use pip
- Running programs built with Python for the first time after fresh OS installation.
- Sometimes it happens with programs like
a2enmod, and perl programs too.
How to fix
If you want to solve it quick, you can sequentially run the commands below in the terminal :
export LC_ALL="en_US.UTF-8" export LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8" sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales
The first two commands set the
LC_CTYPE environment variables, then the third one commits the changes to the system. After running these, a few command-line style window could probably pop up, you can just hit OK until it’s done, there is pretty much nothing to configure.
Here is a one-liner for you the lazy guys :
export LC_ALL="en_US.UTF-8" & export LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8" & sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales
The output should look like this :
~$ export LC_ALL="en_US.UTF-8" & export LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8" & sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales  7201  7202 [sudo] password for user: Generating locales (this might take a while)... en_AG.UTF-8... done en_AU.UTF-8... done en_BW.UTF-8... done en_CA.UTF-8... done en_DK.UTF-8... done en_GB.UTF-8... done en_HK.UTF-8... done en_IE.UTF-8... done en_IL.UTF-8... done en_IN.UTF-8... done en_NG.UTF-8... done en_NZ.UTF-8... done en_PH.UTF-8... done en_SG.UTF-8... done en_US.UTF-8... done en_ZA.UTF-8... done en_ZM.UTF-8... done en_ZW.UTF-8... done vi_VN.UTF-8... done Generation complete. - Done export LC_ALL="en_US.UTF-8" + Done export LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8"
While you can set the locale exporting an environment variable, you will have to do that every time you start a session, meaning after a restart, things would go back the same as before. Setting a locale the following way will solve the problem permanently.
First, you need to install
locales package :
sudo apt-get install locales -y
Then use the locale-gen command to generate locales :
sudo locale-gen en_US.UTF-8
After that, permanently set the configuration to the system
sudo echo "LANG=en_US.UTF-8" > /etc/default/locale
You might also need to restart your system for changes to take effect.
Fix locale.Error for Docker
Just add these lines to your Dockerfile
# Set the locale RUN locale-gen en_US.UTF-8 ENV LANG en_US.UTF-8 ENV LANGUAGE en_US:en ENV LC_ALL en_US.UTF-8
After setting the locale, verify that the system is updated by using the following command :
~$ locale LANG=en_US.UTF-8 LANGUAGE= LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8" LC_NUMERIC="en_US.UTF-8" LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8" LC_COLLATE="en_US.UTF-8" LC_MONETARY="en_US.UTF-8" LC_MESSAGES="en_US.UTF-8" LC_PAPER="en_US.UTF-8" LC_NAME="en_US.UTF-8" LC_ADDRESS="en_US.UTF-8" LC_TELEPHONE="en_US.UTF-8" LC_MEASUREMENT="en_US.UTF-8" LC_IDENTIFICATION="en_US.UTF-8" LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8